Magnets often assume distinct shapes and this accounts for strategic adaptations made to permit usage in different applications. Beneath, we explore how form influences function by dissecting the following magnet shapes and their respective applications.
Types of Magnets in the Market
1. Bar Magnets
Bar-shaped magnets are inarguably the most recognizable magnet types when focusing on the design. They are characterized by a rectangular or block shape hence the name bar magnets. At the opposite ends of bar magnets, you will find a north pole and a south pole. This equips them with strong magnetic capabilities.
However, their magnetic field weakens the further you move from the poles. This is because the magnetic field of bar magnets is strongest at the poles.
Applications of Bar Magnets
Bar magnets are heavily relied upon in multiple devices and applications thanks to their robust magnetic fields.
Bar magnets have been used in compasses for ages. They are typically suspended within the compass, where they align with the Earth’s magnetic field. This allows the magnet to give precise directions.
Bar magnets are also ideal for sensors including hall effect sensors, which gauge fluctuations in magnetic fields before converting the fields into electrical signals. Sensors dependent on bar magnets include speed sensors and position sensors.
In generators, bar magnetics are exploited to generate a magnetic field that induces an electric current in a coil wire. This helps generators produce electric power.
In learning halls, bar magnets are well utilized to illustrate magnetic properties and functionalities. They can demonstrate how magnetic powers and fields are generated as well as how magnets interact with typical objects.
2. Horseshoe Magnets
Horseshoe magnets are designed to bear a resemblance to a horseshoe. They are identifiable by their unique appearance which resembles the letter “U.” This shape places their opposite poles close together thereby concentrating their magnetic fields in one region. This enhances their magnetic strength making them ideal for applications that necessitate exceptional forces of attraction or repulsion.
Applications of Horseshoe Magnets.
Horseshoe magnets are prominently used as door latches to facilitate straightforward opening and closing of doors. They keep doors securely closed by interacting with a metal plate on the door frame to facilitate opening and closure.
Various industries such as manufacturing and mining often include magnetic separation to alienate metallic and non-metallic components. Horseshoe magnets are perfect for this given that they have exemplary magnetic strength.
Magnetic stirrers are primarily used to generate a stirring effect on specific liquids. They eliminate the need for mechanical stirring and horseshoe magnets are perfect for this role.
3. Disc Magnets
As the name proposes, disc magnets portray a circular and flat appearance similar to typical discs. They have a large surface area, which augments their magnetic abilities.
The north pole of a disc magnet is typically found on one face of the disc while the adjacent face holds the south pole. This large surface area translates into a stronger magnetic field which strengthens as you approach the curved edges and weakens as you depart.
Applications of Disc Magnets
Disc magnets have a flat surface and strong magnetic abilities which make them ideal for use in fridge doors. They facilitate easy opening and closing of the refrigerator’s door.
With a little creativity, one can create intriguing objects using disc magnets. For instance, one can create movable parts or even an interactive photo display with a disc magnet.
Jewelry boxes can be fitted with small disc magnets to facilitate easy but secure closing. They can also be embedded in pulse clasps for easy opening.
4. Ring Magnets
Just like a typical ring, ring magnets resemble a circular shape with a round hole at the center. This hole differentiates them from disc magnets and it sees their magnetic field lines concentrated around the hole’s edges.
They are primarily used in generators and electric motors since their circular magnetic field can be well exploited in these applications.
Applications of Ring Magnets
Ring magnets are popular choices for audio speakers since they help generate sound waves by converting electric signals. They are also embedded in microphones to help generate electric currents by converting sound waves.
MRI machines always necessitate a robust magnetic field to produce clear images. Ring magnets can generate magnetic fields strong enough for MRI machines and other medical devices.
Owing to their impeccable magnetic properties, ring magnets are very useful when it comes to teaching students magnetic properties and principles.
5. Sphere Magnets
Thanks to their ball-like or spherical shape, sphere magnets offer three-dimensional magnet configuration. Their pole arrangement is unique and complex owing to their design.
The location of their north and south poles depends on how and where they were magnetized. However, their magnetic field diffuses from the sphere’s center to the outside. Sphere magnets interact uniquely with magnetic objects hence they are broadly employed in electrical products and kids’ toys.
Applications of Sphere Magnets
Kids and Desk Toys
With a three-dimensional configuration, sphere magnets can be utilized to create fun toys for kids as well as desk toys for relieving stress. They can manipulate the movement of different toy parts resulting in a fun and captivating experience.
Sphere magnets make excellent fasteners or closing clasps for pulses, bags, and jewelry boxes. They have a strong magnetic force, which helps keep the bags and boxes securely closed.
In the world of arts, sphere magnets are exploited to create lovely sculptures. They can also be used to install pieces of art on walls without necessarily having to damage the wall.
6. Cylinder Magnets
Cylinder magnets resemble elongated tubes hence they are also referred to as rod magnets. This design permits them to generate strong magnetic fields with a lengthier reach. They have the north and south poles located at opposite ends of the cylinder.
During magnetization, magnetic properties can be enforced on the rod’s diameter or across the length. This makes them perfect solutions for applications that require linear magnetic fields.
Applications of Cylinder Magnets
Cylinder magnets are preferred in multiple diagnostic devices including MRI machines as well as therapeutic devices. This is because they generate sufficient and controlled magnetic fields.
Cylinder magnets are also highly utilized in applications that depend on sensors such as security systems and speedometers. This is because they can alter the sensor’s output to initiate certain actions.
Cylinder magnets are perfect for holding items in place since they have strong magnetic properties. They are mainly used to clamp together magnetic objects momentarily.
7. Arc Magnets
Arc magnets bear the shape of a circle’s segment or a curve hence the name arc magnets. They have an inner radius and an outer radius and this accounts for their north and south poles.
Besides, the center of the arc magnet is where the magnetic field is the weakest. The magnetic field is strongest at either of the pole’s ends.
The unique design of arc-shaped magnets makes it possible to concentrate the magnetic field at specific points making these magnets perfect for environments that demand focused magnetic forces.
Applications of Arc Magnets
- Electric Motors: Arc motors are a common entity in electric motors particularly in devices that operate in a rotary motion. The arc shape fits well with the rotor making it easy to generate the torque necessitated to steer the motion.
- Audio Devices: Owing to the curvature of arc magnets, they are commonly installed in audio devices to boost the quality of sound output.
- Wind Turbines: Arc magnets are also employed in specific wind turbines to interact with rotating components resulting in electricity generation.
8. Wedge Magnets
Wedge magnets depict a trapezoidal shape and this gives them the edge over bar magnets in other applications. The magnetic field of wedge magnets is the strongest near the large surfaces of the wedge and this equips them with tremendous magnetic strength. There is a gradual decrease in their magnetic strength as one approaches the smaller surfaces.
Applications of Wedge Magnets
Wedge-shaped magnets come in handy in applications that necessitate the alienation of ferrous objects from non-ferrous objects. These applications include mining and waste management.
Handling and Lifting
Wedge magnets generate robust and focused magnetic forces that can be utilized to hold and lift ferrous objects like metals. For example, they can be used to lift equipment on construction sites.
In automated assembly lines, wedge magnets are often incorporated into the conveyor system to hold metallic substances during movement.
9. Oval Magnets
Oval magnets depict an elongated elliptical shape hence they are also referred to as elliptical magnets. The north and south magnetic poles of oval magnets are situated at the opposing narrow ends of the oval magnetic material. Their magnetic field is strongest at the poles’ vicinity.
Applications of Oval Magnets
Oval magnets play a pivotal role in sensor applications like magnetic doors and windows. When integrated into these sensors, they help detect the presence of a magnetic field.
Oval magnets can be attached to certain objects to make them magnetic. This is why they are common in DIY projects and crafts. They can also be used as refrigerator door magnets.
Arranging and integrating oval magnets with other magnets can cause a levitation effect. This is because they demonstrate strong attraction and repulsion capabilities.
10. Countersunk Magnets
Countersunk magnets are characterized by the presence of countersunk holes which facilitates the attachment of non-magnetic objects. They are further categorized into:
Block Countersunk Magnets
Block countersunk magnets assume the shape of a rectangular or square block. They also feature a hole or two along their length. The north pole lies on one of the flat sides while the south pole occupies the opposing flat side. They are mainly used for magnetic holding in applications such as carpentry and signage holding.
Disc Countersunk Magnets
Disc countersunk magnets are like typical disk magnets but modified with a countersunk hole in the middle. Their magnetic field is radially oriented and it is the strongest at the surfaces where the poles are located. Disc countersunk magnets are common choices in magnetic latches and furniture manufacturing.
Segment Countersunk Magnets
Segment countersunk magnets may look like a pie because they consist of a magnetic material divided into various sections. These segments also contain countersunk holes which can hold non-magnetic objects with the aid of screws.
Each segment also has a north and south magnetic pole. They are widely utilized in magnetic sensors, medical equipment, actuators, and robotics.
11. Needle Magnets
Needle magnets are quite similar to bar magnets, however, they have long and thin ends, which give them a needle-like appearance. And just like bar magnets, their magnetic poles are situated at the opposite ends of the magnetic material. Their magnetic field lines arise from the north pole and end at the south pole continuously.
Applications of Needle Magnets
In schools and other learning institutions, needle magnets are exploited to help learners visualize magnetic concepts. This is because of their straightforward pole arrangement and magnetic field configuration.
They are also embedded in magnets to help with navigation. The needle magnet is installed at the compass’s center with one end pointing towards the north. Once the magnet aligns with the magnetic field of the Earth, the compass is able to determine direction.
The use of needle magnets as stirrers is primarily undertaken in laboratories. They are rotated rigorously leading to a stirring effect on specific fluids.
12. Customized Magnets
Custom-shaped magnets can assume any shape and they are uniquely designed to serve specific functions.
They are intended to serve purposes beyond the capabilities of the standard-shaped magnets and their design is only limited by manufacturing prowess. They have unique magnetic field patterns based on the uniqueness of the magnetic material design.
Applications of Customized Magnets
Manufacturing processes involving metallic objects often utilize custom-shaped magnets to accomplish tasks such as separation, holding, and lifting. They can be designed to assume shapes that match irregular surfaces.
Consumer electronics such as loudspeakers and smartphones utilize customized magnets because of their customizable designs. They ensure optimal performance in consumer electronics and guarantee compatibility.
Security systems, such as security doors also utilize custom-shaped magnets to ease opening and closure. These magnets can help keep door locks securely closed and easy to open.
Clearly, there are many magnet types available in market. Each design, has unique properties that make them unique for specific applications.
For all you custom magnets, contact us now.